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VOA词汇掌故:Rocket Scientist 行家;能人

yexu 于2018-04-13发布 l 已有人浏览
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本期美国之音词汇掌故学习习惯用语a rocket scientist的用法
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……
20041127 Rocket Scientist.jpg
Rocket Scientist
行家;能人
Hello. I'm Phil Murray with WORDS AND THEIR STORIES, a program in Special English.
大家好,我是菲尔·默里,这里是美国之音《词汇掌故》节目。
You do not need to be a rocket scientist. Americans hear these words often. People say them in schools, offices and factories. Broadcasters on radio and television use them.
美国人经常听到“You do not need to be a rocket scientist”这句话。这是一个大家在学校、办公室和工厂经常这样说到,电台和电视台也经常用到的表达。
This is how you might hear the words used.
比如下面这样。
Workers in an office are afraid to try to use their new computer system. Their employer tells them not to be foolish. "You do not need to be a rocket scientist to learn this," he says.
办公室工作人员不敢尝试使用他们的电脑新系统时,老板说别蠢了,“你不必成为火箭科学家就能学会这个(即:学这个没什么难的)。”
Or, high school students cannot seem to understand something their teacher is explaining. "Come on," she says. "You do not need to be a rocket scientist to understand this."
或者假如高中生无法理解老师讲解的东西时,老师说“得了吧,你不必成为火箭科学家就能理解这些东西(即:理解这些没什么难的)。”
Or, a company that makes soap is trying to sell its product on television. "You do not need to be a rocket scientist to see that our soap cleans better," the company says.
或者一家肥皂生产商试图在电视上出售其产品。“你不必成为火箭科学家就能看明白(即:显而易见)我们的肥皂清洗效果更好。”
These words send a strong message. They say that you do not need to be extremely intelligent to understand something.
这些话传递出一个强烈信息。他们说的是,你不必多聪明就能理解某些事物。
How did the expression begin?
这种说法是怎么来的呢?
No one seems to know for sure. But an official of the American space agency, NASA, says the expression just grew. It grew, he says, because rocket scientists probably are the most intelligent people around.
似乎也没人可以确定。但美国宇航局一位官员表示,这种说法是自然而然地形成的。他说,因为火箭科学家可能是最聪明的人。
Not everyone would agree.
并不是每个人都同意这种说法。
Some people might be considered more intelligent than rocket scientists. For example, a person who speaks and reads fifteen languages, or a medical doctor who operates on the brain.
有些人可能就比火箭科学家更加聪明。例如,会说15种语言的人,或脑科手术医生。
Still, many people would agree that there is something special about scientists who build rockets. Maybe it has to do with the mystery of space travel.
尽管如此,很多人仍然认同制造火箭的科学家有些与众不同的地方,这也许与太空旅行的神秘有关。
Moving pictures from before World War Two showed a man named Buck Rogers landing on the planet Mars. He was a hero who could defeat any enemy from outer space.
二战前的一部电影讲述了一位名为巴克·罗杰斯的男子登陆火星得故事。他是一位能够击败任何外星敌人的英雄。
The rocket scientist is a different kind of hero. He or she makes space travel possible.
火箭科学家是与众不同的英雄,因为是他们让太空旅行成为可能。
Rocket scientists, however, can have problems just like anyone else.
然而,火箭科学家也与常人一样,会遇到种种问题。
A Washington rocket scientist tells about a launch that was postponed many, many times. Finally, everything seemed right. Mechanical failures had been repaired. The weather was good.
华盛顿一位火箭科学家谈到一次推迟了很多次的火箭发射。发射前似乎万事就绪,机械故障已被修复,天气也很好。
The scientists had planned that part of the rocket would fall into the ocean after the launch. All ships and boats within many kilometers of the danger area had been warned. But in the last few seconds a small boat entered the area. Once again, the launch was postponed.
科学家们曾计划在发射后,火箭的部分残体将坠入海洋,所以危险区域数公里之内的船只都被警告不准进入,但发射前最后几秒,一艘小船进入了这一区域。发射又被推迟。
When the work goes well, most rocket scientists enjoy their jobs. One scientist said, "As a child I loved to build rockets. Now I am grown. I still love to build rockets. And now I get paid for it."
当工作进展顺利时,大部分火箭科学家还是喜欢自己的工作的。一位科学家说,“小时候我就喜欢造火箭。现在我已长大,我仍然热爱造火箭,而且现在还凭它拿薪水。”
(MUSIC)
(音乐)
This program, WORDS AND THEIR STORIES, was written by Jeri Watson. I'm Phil Murray.
本节目是由杰里·沃森撰稿的。我是菲尔·默里。
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