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美国人这样说银行英语Chapter 2-9-2 期货期权 实用对话及情景句(二)

Amber 于2016-12-13发布 l 已有人浏览
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美国人这样说银行英语,银行口语,看这本就够了。第二章 货币金融,Unit 09 期货期权,实用对话及情景句(二),含MP3下载及中英同步字幕。
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2-9-2 期货期权.jpg
2-9-2 Futures and Options(2)
期货期权(二)
Edward: What does the financial term option mean, Carrie?
爱德华:凯莉,“期权”这个金融术语有什么含义?
Carrie: It basically refers to a standardized contract.
凯莉:从根本上来讲,期权指的是一种标准化合约。
Edward: How many types of options are available?
爱德华:期权有多少种?
Carrie: There are many ways to categorize options. The most common one is to group them into call options and put options.
凯莉:划分期权种类的方法有很多种,最常见的是分成看涨期权和看跌 期权。
Edward: What are call options and put options?
爱德华:什么是看涨期权?什么是看跌期权?
Carrie: A call option is a contract that provides the option buyer with the right to purchase an agreed item at a specified price on or before the date the contract matures. A put option provides the option buyer with the right to sell an agreed item at a specified price on or before the maturity.
凯莉:看涨期权赋予其购买者在合约到期曰或到期之前的时间按一定 的价格买进一定标的权利。看跌期权赋予其购买者在合约到期 曰或到期之前的时间按一定的价格卖出一定标的权利。
Edward: How can it be possible that the buyer of a put option has」he right to sell the item? Is it a paradox that the buyer is also the seller?
爱德华:看跌期权的购买者有权出售标的,怎么可能?买主同时又是卖主,怎么可能?
Carrie: You've got confused. I mean the put option buyer pays some money for the right to decide whether he will sell the specified item in the future. You see, he is the buyer of the decision right. After the purchase of the contract, if he finds the price favorable, he will choose to sell the specified item at a profit. That's to say the put option buyer may be the seller of the specified item, but he won't necessarily be.
凯莉:你搞混淆了。我是说看跌期权的购买者支付了费用,取得了是否 在将来时间出售一定标的决策权。你看,他是决策权的购买者。购 买合约后,如果价格对他有利,他就会选择出售约定标的,取得利 润。也就是说,看跌期权的购买者可以出售约定标的,但他不一定卖。
Edward: Oh, I once heard of the terms American style option and European style option. What's their difference?
爱德华:噢,我曾听说过“美式期权”和“欧式期权”这两个术语。它们有 什么区别?
Carrie:An American style option can be exercised at any time up to the maturity date of the contract, while a European option can,t be exercised until the day when the contract matures.
凯莉:美式期权在合约到期前的任何时间都可以执行,而欧式期权只能 在到期日才能执行。
Edward: Compared with forward or futures contract, does the option contract have any advantages?
爱德华:期权合约与远期合约和期货合约相比,是否有些优势?
Carrie:Yes. There are a number of advantages. The most impressive is that it offers more flexibility to risk management and value management. What the option contract provides its buyer is a right rather than an obligation.
凯莉:是的,有许多优势。最突出的是期权对于风险管理和价值管理具 有更大的灵活性。期权的购买者取得的是一种权利而不是一种 义务o
Edward:Does it mean the option buyer won't suffer any losses?
爱德华:是¥是说期权购买者不会遭受损失?
Carrie:No losses but the premium he pays for the option.
凯莉:除了为购买期权而支付的费用以外,其他没有什么损失。
Edward: No wonder options are become more and more popular. Thank you for your explanation.
爱德华:难怪期权曰益受人欢迎。谢谢你为我解释。
Carrie: You are welcome.
凯莉:不用谢。
 
实用情景句型
1. What does the financial term option mean?
“期权”这个金融术语有什么含义?
What does the financial term option stand for?
“期权”这个金融术语有什么含义?
What’s the meaning of the financial term option?
“期权”这个金融术语有什么含义?
What does it mean by the financial term option?
“期权”这个金融术语有什么含义?
Does it have any special meaning?
有什么特别含义吗?
The main business companies involved in commodity futures and financial futures brokers.
公司经营业务主要涉及金融期货和商品期货经纪等。
Have you ever been registered or li-censed by a securities and / or futures regulatory authority in any country?
你是否在任何国家的证券及/或期货 或金融监管当局注册或获发给牌照?
2. There are many ways to categorize options.
划分期权种类的方法有很多种。
There is different ways dividing options.
划分期权种类的方法有很多种。
There are a number of ways for dividing options.
划分期权种类的方法有很多种。
There are a variety of ways partitioning options.
划分期权种类的方法有很多种。
In this case the investor would not exercise the option.
在这种情况下投资者不会行使期权合同。
An option which provides the right to buy a currency and sell the base currency is a call option.
卖方期权则是一项按商定的汇率卖出一种货币并买进一种基准货币的权利。
What will happen if they want you to stop receiving stock options?
如果他们希望你停止接受股票期权,会发生什么?
If the share price rises above the exercise price, you would exercise the option.
如果股价比转换价高,你就会行使有关期权。
Real Options appear as different types.
实物期权在实践中表现为不同的种类。
How can that be the person who buys a put option has the authority to sell the item?
看跌期权的购买者有权出售标的,怎么可能?
Isn’t it possible the buyer of a put option is entitled to sell the item?
看跌期权的购买者有权出售标的,怎么可能?
But how is that possible?
看跌期权的购买者有权出售标的,怎么可能?
How could I possibly forget?
但是这怎么可能呢?
Sells is expected to fall the option to mean the stronger tendency, be-cause sell after the option expires by fixed price purchase index product.
我怎么可能会忘记呢?
A put is an option that gives the buyer the right, but not the obligation.
卖出看跌期权意味着看涨,因为出售 者在期权到期后将以固定价格购买指数产品。
From the structural obstacles to the options, call and put option provisions are the same.
看跌期权赋予买方以权利,但不必负有义务。
Call option to sell the balance of the funds is difficult to put option to buy the necessary funds.
从障碍期权结构看,看涨期权和看跌期权的条款是一样的。
4. You see, he is the buyer of the decision right.
出售看涨期权的所得资金很难平衡买入看跌期权所需资金。
You see, he is a purchaser in authority.
你看,他是决策权的购买者。
You see, he is a man who buys the decision right.
你看,他是决策权的购买者。
This is the executive with primary decision-making authority.
你看,他是决策权的购买者。
I think I should seek a position that allows great freedom to make decisions.
这是有制订主要决策权的管理人员。
5. Compared with forward or futures contract,does the option contract have any advantages?
我认为我应该寻求有更大自主决策权的职位。
Compared with forward contract or futures contract, does the option contract have any edges?
期权合约与远期合约和期货合约相比,是否有些优势?
By contrast with forward or futures contract, are there any advantages in the option contract?
期权合约与远期合约和期货合约相比,是否有些优势?
In comparison with forward or futures contract, does the option contract have any superiority?
期权合约与远期合约和期货合约相比,是否有些优势?
Only the seller of the option is obligated to perform.
期权合约与远期合约和期货合约相比,是否有些优势?
So far we have heard about option holders.
而卖方则必须根据买方要求履行期权合约。
Reduce the levy on trading in securities, futures and options contracts by 10%.
到现在为止,我们已经了解了期权合约持有者。
A fee charged by the exchange for each futures or options contract cleared or delivered on the Ex-change.
证券、期货及期权合约的证监会交易 税费下调10%。
In order to process options orders, my account must have cleared funds equal to or greater than the purchase price of the options con-tracts.
交易所对每一个期货或者期权合约交割所收取的费用。
6. Does it mean the option buyer won’t suffer any losses?
为了处理期权订单,我的账户必须要 有等于或大于购买期权合约价格的交割资金。
Does it say the option to buy does not take a knock?
是不是说期权购买者不会遭受损失?
Does that mean the purchasers of option are against losses?
期权购买者的最大损失不过是期权费用。
Does that say option buyers do not lose?
期权购买者的最大损失不过是期权费用。
The option to buy the biggest loss is the cost plus commission options.
是不是说期权购买者不会遭受损失?
The option buyer has the right to demand purchase or sale of a specified currency, but no obligation to do so.
期权购买者的最大损失不过是期权费用。
When the option is exercised expires, the purchaser is responsible for any unpaid premium outstanding at that time.
期权的购买者,有要求购入或卖出某种货币的权利,但没有义务。
Option buyers purchased options to buy this, because he was bullish on the stock price, future earnings.
当执行的期权终止,购买者有责任来支付在当时没有支付的额外费用。
期权购买者购进这种买进期权,是因为他对股票价格看涨,将来可获利。
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